a 556 AR-15 on a bipod

What Is The Heaviest Grain 5.56 Bullet?

Along with the .223 Remington, the most popular chamber caliber for an AR 15 is the 5.56. Between these two they pretty much have the sporting rifle caliber contest sewn up.

With much talk of twist rates, and bullet grain talk may occasionally broach the subject of what may be the heaviest rounds they fire. But what is the heaviest grain 556 bullet?

The heaviest grain of 5.56x45mm ammunition is the Atomic Tactical Cycling Subsonic in 112 grain. These rounds are designed to tumble in flight to cause a maximum wound channel. They have a slow muzzle velocity at 1050 fps.

Most 5.56 bullet grains range from 40 gr to 112 gr. There isn’t much hype around the heavier bullets; that’s why you may not have heard of them. 

And by the looks of things, we may even get a heavier one soon since manufacturers are always trying different reloading techniques.

2 x 556 ammunition cases

There are some rumors about heavier bullets, but most people often stop at 77, 80, or 85 gr. 

Those grains are where most shooters don’t stop in terms of bullet weight.

What Is A Typical 5.56 Bullet?

You may already know this by now, but it’s still important to point out. Bullet grain (gr) refers to the weight of the bullet and not the whole cartridge.

Bullet grain plays a significant role in the performance of a bullet. But before we explain how that happens, let’s look at some of the commonly used 5.56 rounds, their bullet grain, and muzzle velocity.

Round Bullet Grain Muzzle Velocity
Black Hills Ammo 50 3275 fps
Barnes RangeAR 52 3200 fps
Winchester FMJ 55 3270 fps
Hornady V-MAX 60 3100 fps
Hornady FMJ 62 3060 fps
Elite Ammo 65 3000 fps
IMI ammo Razer Core 69 2740 fps
Barnes VOR-TX 70 2850 fps
Hornady BTHP Match Frontier 75 2860 fps
IMI Systems HPBT Match 77 2740 fps
Allegiance Ammo – OneStrike 80 1575 fps
Barnes Precision Match Ammo 85 2600 fps
Allegiance Ammunition – Silent Strike non-frangible 95 1010 fps
Allegiance Ammunition’s Hog Strike 100 1975 fps
Allegiance Ammunition – Silent Strike 110 1050 fps
Atomic Ammunition – Tactical Cycling Subsonic Ammo 112 1050 fps

The lightest bullet that most people are familiar with is the 50 gr. It has a 3275 fps muzzle velocity. This is also the highest muzzle velocity of all the rounds I’ve compiled.

There are lighter ones, ranging from 40 gr to 50 gr with muzzle velocities of up to 4000 fps. 

However, the most commonly used 5.56 bullets range from 55 gr to 69 gr.

The Highest Grain 5.56 Rounds

Below are some of the heaviest 5.56 bullets.

Round Bullet Grain Muzzle Velocity
Barnes Precision Match Ammo 85 2600 fps
Allegiance Ammunition – Silent Strike non-frangible 95 1010 fps
Allegiance Ammunition’s Hog Strike 100 1975 fps
Allegiance Ammunition – Silent Strike 110 1050 fps
Atomic Ammunition – Tactical Cycling Subsonic Ammo 112 1050 fps

Several heavier bullets have been rolled out in the past two decades. Currently, the heaviest round is the 112 gr Atomic Ammunition Tactical Cycling Subsonic Ammo. 

It’s slightly longer than the regular 5.56 round, and the rifle has to be customized for it. The gun also has to have a 1:7 twist rate to stabilize this bullet effectively.

It’s subsonic (less than sound’s speed) nature and high muzzle energy make it a perfect round for short-range tactical operations. Because of bullet tumble and the effects on precision, coupled with the low muzzle velocity, it’s for short range only.

But the rest of the ballistics performance is similar to the 9mm 115 gr FMJ bullet. Imagine all the damage you’d cause with a 5.56 112 gr bullet at 1050 fps and 275 foot-pounds muzzle energy.

The Effects Of A Higher Grain Weight With 5.56 Ammunition

A higher grain weight causes more recoil, lower muzzle velocity, and a lower point of impact. 

It will take longer to reach the target and has a higher chance of falling due to gravity. The higher recoil causes the muzzle to flip. 

These effects are evident in the 5.56 bullets. The 50 gr has a 3275 muzzle velocity while the 112 gr has a 1050 muzzle velocity. 

The 112 gr can’t travel a long distance, but it will cause more damage in short-range shots. 

a man firing a 556 AR-15

The 112 gr may be suitable for tactical operations because subsonic ammo has a lower noise level. But all 5.56 bullets are famous for their excellent stopping power.

When planning to increase the bullet grain, you also need to consider the twist rate. This is the rate at which a bullet spins in the barrel. A1:7 twist means the bullet spins once every 7 inches. 1:7 and 1:8 twists are ideal for heavier bullets. But if you have 1:10 and slower twists, the rifle may not effectively stabilize the bullet.

The 5.56 is a lot similar to the .223. As tempting as it may be to fire the heaviest 5.56 bullet in a .223 rifle, you could damage the firearm or injure yourself.

 5.56 rifles are often designed for military operations and are packaged at higher pressures than the .223. 

But a 5.56 designated rifle can comfortably fire the .223. But you can also look for a rifle designed to fire both.

a woman firing a 556 AR-15

Final Thoughts

The 112 gr Atomic TCS is the heaviest 5.56 round by only a few grains of weight. 

It’s a subsonic round that does well in tactical operations. But most users are used to the 55 gr, which is equally effective for both short-range and long-range shots.

The 62 gr M855A1 is the US Military’s standard 5.56 round. 

The other NATO countries use the 62 gr M855. 

Both of these rounds can achieve a 3000 fps muzzle velocity with most barrel lengths. 

The FBI and local law enforcement are also known to use Lake City’s 55 gr 5.56 bullets and several other 62 gr and 64 gr rounds. They often have a wider variety to choose from than the military does.

Comments

  1. All Marine Corps Rifleman has been known to take out the ebemy well beyond the 300 battle sight zero mythical range. If you understand shot placement and the effective killing range of a point target, the 62 grain M885 Nato round will indeed end you life easily at 550 meters and to an Rea target at 880 meters. The 30-06 had its place in battle history however, engagements beyond 350-500 meters are rare now. All you die-hard. 30 caliber ammo do not understand the modern nature of the fog of war now in close quarters combat and well aimed shots from an M4 Carbine or an M16A3. Either rifle is even superior to the AK-47 because of muzzle rise on fully automatic. The AR-15 platform is not going away however, I see loads like the 6 5 Creedmoor/7mm calibers maki g a return due to long range engagements with the introduction of superior optics and a lower improved 40mm grenade system to replace two- three systems. BTY, a 5.56, will take down any North American animal in a 77-112 gun bullet. Its all about shot placement and a well aimed shot!

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